Monday, 15 September 2014

Postcards from the Edge

The novel rotates around motion picture on-screen character Suzanne Vale as she tries to assemble her life after a medication overdose. The book is partitioned into five primary segments: The prolog is in epistolary structure, with postcards composed by Suzanne to her sibling, companion, and grandma. The novel proceeds with the epistolary structure, comprising of first-individual story portions from a diary Suzanne kept while dealing with her medication habit and recovery encounters. ("Possibly I shouldn't have given the fellow who pumped my stomach my telephone number, however what difference does it make? My life is over at any rate.") 

My mother is presumably kind of disillusioned at how I turned out, however she doesn't reveal to it. She dropped by today and presented to me a silk and velvet coverlet. I'm amazed I could detox without it. I was anxious about seeing her, yet it went alright. She supposes I accuse her for my being here. I chiefly accuse my merchant, my specialist, and myself, and not so much in a specific order. She washed my clothing and left. 

The last three areas are conventional third-individual account. As one commentator notes, this movement from first to third-individual account indicates how separated Suzanne is from herself, now that she's not on medications. The third segment portrays the starting days of the first film Suzanne made after her treatment. For accommodation, Suzanne stays with her grandparents while the motion picture is made. She is scolded for not unwinding herself on-screen, and notes that on the off chance that she could unwind she wouldn't be getting help. This turns into a running stifler among the performing artists and team. 

Postcards from the Edge is a semi-self-portraying novel via Carrie Fisher, initially distributed in 1987. It was later adjusted, by Fisher herself, into a movie by the same name, regulated by Mike Nichols which was discharged by Columbia Pictures in 1990. 

At the point when Fisher was two, her guardians separated after her father left Reynolds for her closest companion, performing artist Elizabeth Taylor, the dowager of her father's closest companion Mike Todd. The accompanying year, her mother wedded shoe store network holder Harry Karl, who furtively used Reynolds' life reserve funds. She went to Beverly Hills High School, however she cleared out to go along with her mother out and about. She showed up as a debutante and artist in the hit Broadway recovery Irene (1973), which featured her mother. 

In April 1938, when the Nazis were capturing Jews in Berlin, seven-year-old Michael and his three-year-old sibling Robert were sent alone to the United States to get together with their father, who had fled months prior. His mother inevitably joined the family, getting away through Italy in 1940. His father, whose unique Russian name was Pavel Nikolaevich Peschkowsky, changed his name to Paul Nichols, Nichols inferred from his Russian patronymic, and set up an effective medicinal practice in Manhattan, empowering the family to live close Central Park. 

The primary novel to uncover the complex play that the class permits was Aphra Behn's Love-Letters Between a Nobleman and His Sister, which showed up in three volumes in 1684, 1685, and 1687. The novel demonstrates the class' aftereffects of evolving viewpoints: individual focuses were displayed by the individual characters, and the focal voice of the creator and good assessment vanished (at any rate in the first volume; her further volumes presented a storyteller). Behn besides investigated a domain of interest with letters that fall into the wrong hands, faked letters, letters withheld by heroes, and much more perplexing association. 

The convention of the people of old strikingly influenced our initial producers. Not just were the riddle plays and inexplicable occurrences of the Middle Ages started by a lecture, however when the dramatization in its current sense was initiated in the rule of Elizabeth, the prolog accompanied it, specifically adjusted from the act of Euripides and Terence. Sackville, Lord Buckhurst, arranged a kind of prolog in stupid show for his Gorboduc of 1562; and he likewise composed a celebrated Induction, which is, essentially, a prolog, to a variety of short sentimental legends by differing hands.

Wednesday, 27 February 2013


Cards with messages had been sporadically created and posted by individuals since the creation of postal services. The earliest known picture postcard was a hand-painted design on card, posted in London to the writer Theodore Hook in 1840 bearing a penny black stamp. He probably created and posted the card to himself as a practical joke on the postal service, since the image is a caricature of workers in the post office.

In the United States, a picture or blank card stock that held a message and sent through the mail at letter rate first began when a card postmarked in December 1848 contained printed advertising on it. The first commercially produced card was created in 1861 by John P. Charlton of Philadelphia, who patented a postal card, selling the rights to Hymen Lipman, whose postcards, complete with a decorated border, were labeled "Lipman's postal card." These cards had no images.

In Britain postcards without images were issued by Post Office, and were printed with a stamp as part of the design, which was included in the price of purchase. The first known printed picture postcard, with an image on one side, was created in France in 1870 at Camp Conlie by Léon Besnardeau (1829–1914). Conlie was a training camp for soldiers in the Franco-Prussian war. They had a lithographed design printed on them containing emblematic images of piles of armaments on either side of a scroll topped by the arms of the Duchy of Brittany and the inscription "War of 1870. Camp Conlie. Souvenir of the National Defence. Army of Brittany". While these are certainly the first known picture postcards, there was no space for stamps and no evidence that they were ever posted without envelopes.

In the following year the first known picture postcard in which the image functioned as a souvenir was sent from Vienna. The first advertising card appeared in 1872 in Great Britain and the first German card appeared in 1874. Cards showing images increased in number during the 1880s. Images of the newly built Eiffel Tower in 1889 and 1890 gave impetus to the postcard, leading to the so-called "golden age" of the picture postcard in years following the mid-1890s.

Monday, 23 July 2012

Early US postcards

The first American postcard was developed in 1873 by the Morgan Envelope Factory of Springfield, Massachusetts. Later in 1873, Post Master John Creswell introduced the first pre-stamped "penny postcards". These first postcards depicted Interstate Industrial Exposition that took place in Chicago. Postcards were made because people were looking for an easier way to send quick notes. The first postcard to be printed as a souvenir in the United States was created in 1893 to advertise the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago.

The Post Office was the only establishment allowed to print postcards, and it held its monopoly until May 19, 1898, when Congress passed the Private Mailing Card Act which allowed private publishers and printers to produce postcards. Initially, the United States government prohibited private companies from calling their cards "postcards", so they were known as "souvenir cards". These cards had to be labeled "Private Mailing Cards". This prohibition was rescinded on December 24, 1901, when private companies could use the word "postcard". Postcards were not allowed to have a divided back and correspondents could only write on the front of the postcard. This was known as the "undivided back" era of postcards. On March 1, 1907 the Post Office allowed private citizens to write on the address side of a postcard. It was on this date that postcards were allowed to have a "divided back".

Friday, 2 September 2011


A postcard or post card is a rectangular piece of thick paper or thin cardboard intended for writing and mailing without an envelope.

In some places, it is possible to send them for a lower fee than for a letter. Stamp collectors distinguish between postcards (which require a stamp) and postal cards (which have the postage pre-printed on them). While a postcard is usually printed by a private company, individual or organization, a postal card is issued by the relevant postal authority. The United States Postal Service defines a postcard as: rectangular, at least 31⁄2 inches (88.9 mm) high × 5 inches (127 mm) long × 0.007 inches (0.178 mm) thick and no more than 41⁄4 inches (108 mm) high × 6 inches (152.4 mm) long × 0.016 inches (0.406 mm) thick. However, some postcards have deviated from this (for example, shaped postcards).

The study and collecting of postcards is termed deltiology.